Should the government makes laws against fake news?

Guideline for a discursive essay with suggested sources.

Point 1 - What is fake news? Why should the government take action?

Fake News can also be called disinformation or misinformation. It isn't new and false or misleading information has always been around, the problem now is that more people can see and share these stories.

Debating Matters has a good resource including more on key terms, background and essential reading. (Some of this is useful generally).

BBC Define fake news as:

"False information distributed deliberately, usually for political or commercial purposes"

For more details see this short video

The government should do something about fake news because:

UN Convention on Rights of the Child
Article 17 (access to information from the media)
"Every child has the right to reliable information from a variety of sources, and governments should encourage the media to provide information that children can understand. Governments must help protect children from materials that could harm them."

Point 2 - Examples of Fake News

The BBC class this into three types:

Point 3 - Government should make laws stopping fake news because:
Unreliable information can impact on politics and change how people vote in elections  Fake news is a problem for elections.
Angela Merkel arguing that governments need to take action on Fake News
Buzzfeed article on how fake news was more popular than correct news.
This this article on how fake news helped Donald Trump win.

Point 4 - Government should make laws stopping fake news because:
Misinformation can cause violence - two men burned to death in Mexico because of fake news
and Facebook accused of fueling violence in Sri Lanka

Point 5 - Government should make laws stopping fake news because:
Quick Statistics on why is fake news harmful to you as a person.
Plus Fake News can actually give you physical and mental health problems - Article on Fake News being bad for your health.

Point 6 - Some governments have or have tried to pass laws.
Singapore's Government is one who have made moves and this article shows both sides of that 
You can also see what other countries are doing or trying to do by scrolling through this list.

Point 7 - Government making laws stopping fake news could be a problem because:

The UN Declaration of Human Rights says in article 19:
"Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers".

Stopping false and misleading news could stop free speech which criticises or mocks governments, companies or people in positions of power.

The big concern is that those who disagree with those in power are stopped from having a voice. For example if it is illegal, anyone who the government decides is creating fake news could be arrested even if they are telling the truth.

Campaigners concern over laws and examples of some laws already employed
Article on Fake News threatening free speech
Russian clamp down on what people are saying on social media

Point 7 - Governments don't need to make laws because social media companies and others who host this fake news should take action to stop it.
Facebook take action to fact check stories.

Point 8 - Governments don't need to make laws we need to take responsibility
Article on why we need to take responsibility

Conclusion - what do you think? should the Government do more to make sure information is reliable?

Taking it further

Also studies suggest that it's the over 65's who are worst for sharing and spreading fake news not young people who have had to be more tech savvy from the start.

Is homeschooling a good idea?

Rough plan for a discursive essay:

Paragraph 1  - What is Home Schooling?

Some Basic Information on Home Schooling in Scotland

Some Basic Facts on Home Schooling in the UK
Issues Online - Home Learning in the UK

Paragraph 2 - What is good about Home Schooling?
Guardian article for home schooling

Paragraph 3 - What is bad about Home Schooling?
Daily Mail Article against home schooling

More places to look for both side of the argument:

Paragraph 4 - I think Home Schooling is...

New Comic Book Club

French Christmas

Find out about some French Christmas Traditions - present your findings in a powerpoint or poster.

Here are some ideas to get you started:

Santa Claus is known as le Père Noël. In some parts they celebrate the feast day of St Nicolas on the 6th.

St Nicolas has a helper le Père Fouettard.

In the city of Lyon there is a Festival of Lights known as La Fête des Lumières.

In Provence it's traditional to display a nativity scene (une crèche) which always includes a figure called le ravi.

Instead of a stocking hung by the fire, French children use a shoe (Le soulier de Noël).

On the 6th of January (L' Épiphanie) they traditionally eat King's Cake (La galette des Rois).

In Quebec, Canada (where French is the main language) it's so cold that every year they can build an Ice Hotel - where even the beds are made of ice! They also have a Winter Carnival (Carnaval de Québec) complete with a mascot called Bonhomme.

More information:

German Christmas

Find out about some German Christmas Traditions - present your findings in a powerpoint or poster.

Here are some ideas to get you started:

Is that you Santa Claus? 
There are four different names given to Santa Claus in Germany depending on where you live. He is called Weihnachtsmann, Nickel, Klaus, or Niglo.

Many Germans celebrate Nikolaustag (St. Nicolas Day) on the 6th of December.

If you fancy a bit of history have a look at:
Belsnickel - an older fur glad gift bringer who is said to be the inspiration for the Father Christmas described in the classic Christmas poem 'A Visit from St Nicolas'.

If you fancy a bit of creepy Christmas fun have a look for:
Knecht Ruprecht - St. Nicolas's Helper in Germany
Krampus - St. Nicolas's Helper in Austria

Food Glorious Food
Just like in the UK food forms an important part of the festivities. For example on Christmas Eve, there's an evening feast, generally of carp and potato salad.

das Christbaumgebäck - German Christmas tree pastry
der Lebkuchen, ginger spice cookies
der Dresdner Stollen, a moist, heavy bread filled with fruit and marzipan.

More Information

5 Things to help you read for school

Photo from D Sharon Pruitt

1. Limit distractions
Your environment matters so hide the technology away or sit away from it. Ask yourself if listening to music really helps you focus. If it does you might want to consider what type of music helps you most.  Where are you reading? If you are lying in bed is that more likely to make you sleep than sitting at a desk?

2. Have a pen and paper handy
As you read make a note of questions you want to check or thoughts you have. Then once you've done your reading go through your notes and look up anything you wanted to check.

3. Get comfy
You are reading for a wee while so be prepared for that. Use a comfy chair or a cushion and have a drink and snack on hand. You could even reward yourself with a little treat for reading each paragraph or similar (just be careful not to use eating as a distraction).

4. Talk about it
Once you've done your reading find someone to talk to about what you've been reading. Having the chance to discuss what you've read can help you better understand what you've been reading.

5. Don't give up.
Like any skill reading for study takes practice, keep at and you will soon find you will be able to read for longer periods of time without loosing focus.

8 Modern Fairy Tales

Fairy Tales aren't a thing of the past modern authors are creating their own from the Harry Potter to the novels of Terry Pratchett there are lots to choose from. So to help you out here are 8 we recommend:

1. The Princess Bride by Willam Goldman

2. An Accident of Stars by Foz Meadows

3. Tithe by Holly Black

4. Stardust by Neil Gaiman

5. Wicked Lovely by Melissa Marr

6. The Book of Lost Things by John Connolly

7. Princess Princess by Katie O'Neill
(you can read the webcomic online or buy her book)

8. Princess Academy by Shannon Hale

For more ideas head into to the JYHS Library or the Lanthorn Library.

Lari Don - visits JYHS Library

Were are delighted that award winning author Lari Don is joining us as part of our #bookweekscot fun to run a session with around 60 S1 pupils.

Lari has lived most of her life in Scotland, a writer and storyteller, she has written a number of books with a fairy tale link.

Her first series The Fabled Beast Chronicles starts with 'First Aid for Fairies' where a girl finds an injured animal but it's not one she can take to the local vet. So begins a series filled with mythical creatures, enchantments and dangerous enemies.

Her latest series The Spellchasers Trilogy launches with 'The Beginners Guide to Curses' sees our heroine cursed to turn into a hare whenever she hears a dog bark. It's only when she try to lift the curse by attending a special course for young cursed people that the problems really start.

Lari has also written riveting versions of traditional tales from around the world. If it's a straight re-telling you fancy then check out 'Serpents and Werewolves', 'Winter's Tales' or 'Girls, Goddesses and Giants'.

All of these and more of her titles are available in the school library.

5 Fairy Tales Retold

Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen is perhaps the most famous reworking of Cinderella but Austen isn't the only author to take a traditional tale and create something original. Here are 5 more you could pick up in the library today.

1. Cinder by Marissa Meyer
Cinderella but as a android and in space.
2. Bloody Chamber and other stories by Angela Constance
An adult book this contains versions of Beauty and the Beast, Puss in Boots and others.
3. Tinder by Sally Gardner
A reworking of The Tinderbox by Hans Christian Andersen featuring wicked queens, werewolves and more.
4. Rapunzel's Revenge by Shannon Hale
Rapunzel gets to be the hero in a Wild West setting.
5. Beastly by Alex Flinn
Set in modern day New York, this version of Beauty and the Beast is told from the Beasts perspective.

Think you know Sleeping Beauty?

Fairy Tales aren't the cuddly versions Disney has given us, the originals are much darker so why not take some time out and read some of them.

WARNING: These stories contain gruesome, disturbing and bizarre events.

Grimms' Fairy Tales by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
Includes the Frog Prince (Disney's The Princess and the Frog), Rapunzel (which Disney filmed as Tangled), Hansel and Gretel, Little Red-Cap (a version of Little Red Riding Hood) and Snow-White and Rose-Red.

Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Anderson
This volume includes The Snow Queen (which inspired Frozen), The Little Mermaid and The Emperor's New Clothes.

The Fairy Tales of Charles Perrault
Includes Puss in Boots, Little Red Riding Hood, Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty.

Arabian Nights by Andrew Lang
This series of tales includes Aladdin. It is also known as 1001 nights as each night a young girl tells a story to ensure that the Sultan doesn't kill her in the morning.

The Happy Prince and other Tales by Oscar Wilde 
Includes the story of the Selfish Giant.

If you'd rather listen to some stories then why not try a podcast -

Myths and Legends offers a short retelling of various tales and creature of the week.

A wee JYHS Fairy Tale Reading Challenge

It's #bookweekscot and we are celebrating with a #fairytalefeast - why not join in and challenge yourself to read 8 short fairy tales this week.

Language -
Yeh- Shen: Chinese Cinderella

Music and Theater -
The Red Shoes by Hans Christian Anderson

Creativity -
The Gingerbread Boy
(there are a number of versions of the tale including a bunch from Scotland were it's a bannock)

Health -
The Tortoise and the Hare by Aesop
(You can listen to an audio version on the BBC website)

Wellbeing -
Ugly Duckling by Hans Christian Anderson

Maths and Computing -
Computational Fairy Tales by Jeremy Kubica

Science -
The Fairy-Land of Science by Arabella B. Buckley

Social Subjects -
Arabian Nights 

Read them all (at least a story from the longer books) - comment on this post or pop in to the library and tell Mrs. Wilson for house points and a special pin badge.

What did Mrs Wilson read for the JYHS Reading Challenge?

Language - The Thirteen Clocks by James Thurber.
Creativity - Steal Like an Artist by Austin Kleon
Health - Rivers of London: Black Mould by Ben Aaronovitch and Andrew Cartmel
Music and Theater -Curious by Rebecca Front
Wellbeing - Nancy Drew and The Hardy Boys: The Big Lie by Anthony Del Col
Maths and Computing - Too Much Information by Dave Gorman
Science - Moon Girl and Devil Dinosaur by Amy Reeder
Social Subjects - Goodnight Stories for Rebel Girls by Elena Favilli and Francesca Cavallo

The 5 E's of Reading

1. Escape
Bored of Livingston but no option for holiday - read. You can travel to other countries, planets, worlds and realities when you read.

2. Enjoyment
A book can pull you in make you laugh, cry and everything in between. A good story will pull you in and stay with you even when you are finished.

3. Empathy 
It's hard to care about strangers with problems far removed from your own but when you read you care about the people, about their struggle. It gives you a better understanding of other people and where they come from.

4. mE time
When you read for fun, read stuff you want to read, do something just for you. Reading is a personal thing no two people read a book the same, even re-reading can make you think differently.

5. Education 
As Dr. Seuss once said "the more you read, the more you know." Learn how to wrestle bears, protect yourself from kelpies and dye your hair using kool-aid, how the White House kitchens work, how the Roman sewage system operated and how to rise the the rank of Commander in the time of Horatio Nelson. Know more.

'The Red Ribbon' by Lucy Adlington

JYHS Library monitors got the chance to read 'The Red Ribbon' by Lucy Adlington.

What was the book about?
"The Red Ribbon is a story about love, loss and most importantly hope."

What did you think of it?
The general consensus was that it was a slow start but well worth reading on.

"I surprisingly liked this book. It had compelling characters and an interesting plot."

"It was really good. I didn't want to stop reading it. I liked the historical accuracy."

" the story developed I became more immersed."

"This book had me grinning then crying the next minute I can't recommend reading it enough."

"I thought it was a brilliant book with with a powerful meaning and was extremely moving."

"I really connected with all the characters and felt what they felt!"

"This was the best book I've read so far, I loved it!"

"...the actual book is perfect."

"...she needs to do a sequel to The Red Ribbon"

Fancy reading it yourself? Pop into JYHS Library and borrow a copy.

#TheRedRibbon @HotKeyBooks

8 Books you could pick up and read today.

The Phantom Tollbooth - Norton Juster (Maths and Computing)
The Kingdom of Wisdom is a strange land, full of dangers and challenges that Milo must navigate.

One Hit Wonderland - Tony Hawks (Music)
Tony Hawks had a chart hit in the 1980s but is out to prove he wasn't a one-hit wonder by getting other - in whatever country he can.

The Highwayman's Footsteps - Nicola Morgan (Social Subjects)
Set in the 18th Century and full of dark deeds and difficult choices. Will and Bess must work together to get revenge for Will and survive.

The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde - Robert Louis Stevenson (Science)
The respectable Dr Jekyll finds himself transformed into the vicious Mr Hyde when he drinks a potion.

Popular: a memoir - Maya Van Wagenen (Wellbeing)
In an attempt to fit in at High School, Maya turns to a book written in the 1950s on how to be popular. This is her diary of her, charting her challenge from girdle to pearls.

Billy Elliot - Melvin Burgess (Health)
Told from different viewpoints, this is the story of a boy who wants to do ballet but his coal mining dad wants him to pursue boxing. Based on the movie of the same name it's a powerful story about being who you want to be.

A Dissertation Upon Roast Pig - Charles Lamb (Creativity)
A collection of short articles about food written in the 19th Centenary. It makes for interesting reading including talk about Christmas feasting, pineapples and pork scratching. Probably best read after lunch.  

The Pale Assassin - Patricia Elliot (Language)
Set during the French Revolution, it follows girl whose aristocratic background has placed her in grave danger. Now she is running to save her life from the mob, the revolutionary guard and the pale assassin.

Mr Holt's Home Schooling Links

In Scotland children must be educated between the ages of five and 16, but they need not attend school.

Arguments for and against Homeschooling 
(warning- some of this may not be correct for Scotland)

IDEA - This House Supports Home Schooling

8 Books to Read

Looking for ideas for the reading challenge?

Alice in Wonderland - Lewis Carroll
This is a classic book and full of just the most wonderful language - both real and invented.
(you can also read the book online or download it via Project Gutenberg)

Piggies - Nick Gifford
This is about keeping animals for food. The twist? Humans are the food.

Pride and Penalties - Chris Higgins
Looks at gender roles, family dynamics but most of all about a girl growing up.

Music and Theatre:
The Positively Last Performance - Geraldine McCCaughrean
The Royal Theatre is set to close down for good but can Gracie help the resident ghosts save it or is this really going to be the last performace?

Everyday - David Levithan
Everyday they wake in a different body, taking on someone else's life for 24 hours but what happens when you fall in love and don't want to jump to a new host again?

Maths and Computing:
Hacking Timbuktu - Stephen Davies
Danny is on the hunt for £100 million in gold but he's not the only one and his hacking and traceur skills are tested to the limit in this fast paced story.

Call of the Wild - Jack London
Written from the point of view of a dog. It follows them from loving family home to harsh masters and a dog sled team. Can a family pet become a wild beast?
(you can also read the book online or download it via Project Gutenberg)

Social Subjects:
The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian - Sherman Alexie
Junior has to decide stay in his current school or go to the white school up the road? Better education or within his culture? It's about many things including the issues facing Native American's today if they stay on the reservations.

National Poetry Day

It's National Poetry Day and to celebrate you can download (or read online) this year's free poetry anthology  on the theme of Freedom.